Read e-book online A Petroleum Geologist's Guide to Seismic Reflection PDF

By William Ashcroft

ISBN-10: 1444332635

ISBN-13: 9781444332636

This booklet is written for complex earth technology scholars, geologists, petroleum engineers and others who are looking to get speedy ‘up to hurry’ at the interpretation of mirrored image seismic info. it's a improvement of fabric given to scholars at the MSc path in Petroleum Geology at Aberdeen collage and takes the shape of a path guide instead of a scientific textbook. it may be used as a self-contained direction for person study, or because the foundation for a category programme.

The e-book clarifies these elements of the topic that scholars are likely to locate tricky, and offers insights via sensible tutorials which goal to enhance and deepen realizing of key themes and supply the reader with a degree of suggestions on growth. a few tutorials could simply contain drawing uncomplicated diagrams, yet many are computer-aided (PC dependent) with images output to provide perception into key steps in seismic information processing or into the seismic reaction of a few universal geological situations. half I of the booklet covers simple principles and it ends with tutorials in 2-D structural interpretation. half II concentrates at the present seismic mirrored image contribution to reservoir reports, in keeping with three-D data.

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Example text

Run the program FOURSYN and go through the Quick Start Tutorial under Help to check basic functionality. 2. Select Spectra/Generate/User-Defined/Parameters and set frequency increment to 8 Hz. Type in a title and click Check and Close. 3. Select Spectra/Generate/User-defined/Create, then read and OK the prompt. 4. In the amplitude spectrum, click on the following frequencies at the 100 per cent level: 32, 64 and 96 Hz, so we have a fundamental component of 32 Hz frequency with its 2nd and 3rd harmonics.

Has the annoying high-frequency ripple waveform gone? Has the width of the central wavelet changed? 5. To eliminate the residual low-frequency undulation in the waveform, taper off the low frequency components of the spectrum with the following values: 32 Hz, 50%; 40 Hz, 75% – and re-draw the signal. It is now an acceptable isolated wavelet and could be truncated at +20 and −20 ms. Conclusion: Sharply truncating the amplitude spectrum leads to undue emphasis of frequencies at the truncation point.

Make up a table of Δf and T from your measurements: do the values support the conclusion that T = 1/Δf (seconds)? So when Δf → 0, T → ? 4 Purpose: To answer the question: how do variations in amplitude and phase spectra affect the seismic wavelet? Part I: How do variations in the amplitude spectrum affect the wavelet? 1. 3. 2. Select Spectra/Draw: note zero phase shift on all components. 3. Set signal length to 200 ms and draw the signal (you can ignore a title). Since all components have zero phase shift, the wavelet is symmetrical and peaks at the t = 0 axis.

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A Petroleum Geologist's Guide to Seismic Reflection by William Ashcroft

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