By Stefanie Schwarz, Don F. Westerheijden
This quantity provides a wealthy account of the advance of accreditation and assessment in 20 ecu nations. The authors are leaders within the box they usually have cooperated during this attempt via writing richly assorted, frequently deep and insightful analyses of the placement of their nation. the 2 editors have further a synopsis detailing the most traits, and sketching commonalities in addition to contrasts within the advancements throughout Europe. The publication exhibits how accreditation is turning into a first-rate mechanism within the steerage of upper schooling everywhere Europe. The ebook is exclusive in its research of forces using in the direction of the unfold of other types of accreditation within the rising ecu greater schooling sector. Readers will receive an updated photograph of the scenario of accreditation within the framework of assessment actions in Europe. they'll achieve an figuring out of why accreditation and assessment structures have advanced the way in which they've got, and thus, they are going to receive extra lifelike perspectives on prospects for ecu comparison and cooperation during this area.
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Extra resources for Accreditation and Evaluation in the European Higher Education Area
2001; Vroeijenstijn, 2003). The countries taking part in the so-called ‘Joint Quality Initiative’ all emphasise that, for them, accreditation ought to depend first and foremost on the proven quality of the graduates, which is the main output factor. The country report on Italy, for instance, shows a contrasting position, in that data required for recognition of study programmes’ regulations – note that it is an ex ante recognition of regulations – of the new two-cycle type concentrate on input: numbers of teaching staff, available facilities, curriculum plans, etc.
The more developed German case would show, however, that the academic oligarchy often controls the fieldwork organisations, although the organisations that accredit a single academic area may well be under the control of the profession (explicitly so when they control access to the labour market, as in Portugal or the United Kingdom). Yet even in professions, governmental control is much greater on most of the Continent than in the two cases mentioned. For instance, German lawyers have to pass a state examination before being accepted in the labour market.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. , & Tauch, C. (2003). Trends in Learning Structures in European Higher Education III – Bologna four years after: Steps towards sustainable reform of higher education in Europe; First draft. Graz: European University Association; European Commission. Robertson, D. , & Waltman, J. L. (1992). The politics of policy borrowing. Oxford studies in comparative education, 2(2), 25-48. Rowley, J. (1996). Measuring Quality in Higher Education. Quality in Higher Education, 2(3), 237-255.
Accreditation and Evaluation in the European Higher Education Area by Stefanie Schwarz, Don F. Westerheijden