By Erich Weber (auth.), Erich Weber (eds.)
The North Atlantic Treaty association (NATO) verified the "Committee at the demanding situations of recent Society" (CCMS) on the November 1969 assembly of the North Atlantic Council. The CCMS used to be charged with constructing significant environmen tal and social courses that supplement different foreign seasoned grams, and with exhibiting management, first, in answer of exist ing difficulties and, moment, in improvement of long-range ambitions for environmental safety within the NATO sphere of effect and in different international locations to boot. a primary Pilot examine on pollution was once initiated by way of the CCMS at its inaugural assembly in December 1969. the U.S. (Environmental security supplier) has been the pilot country with the Federal Republic of Germany (Federal Minis test of the inner) and Turkey (Scientific and Technical Rese arch Council) as co-pilot countries. The Pilot examine on pollution used to be an motion application de signed to illustrate and inspire the usage of present wisdom for the advance of air caliber administration courses. It entailed the demonstration of a platforms method of air quali ty administration. Case stories were performed in Ankara, Turkey; Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany; St. Louis, united states; Oslo, Norway; and South Holland quarter, The Netherlands (NATO/CCMS record No. 6, Appendices A- E).
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Additional resources for Air Pollution: Assessment Methodology and Modeling
Indeed, very strict quality control may have to be introduced to ensure that a certain figure is not exceeded for a very small proportion of the time (for a very toxic pollutant this may, however, be justified). Many of these practical problems can be overcome by expressing the standard, where appropriate, in terms of a cumulative frequency. For example, the standard might be stated in terms of an annual average or median value not to be exceeded and a higher value not to be exceeded more than X % of the time.
The following kinds of meteorological observations may be useful in an AQMS: Two general approaches to the problem of determining the regional wind field have been taken. First, a single representative site may be selected, the assumption being made that winds at other sites are highly correlated with the reference wind. It is desirable in such cases to mount an anemometer on a television tower, if there is one at a suitable location, for use as a reference. The second approach is to use a network of anemometers, supplementing existing stations where necessary.
Relocation of traffic or of industrial plants has to be planned extremely carefully. A poorly thought-out plan may not achieve a net reduction in total emissions because emissions are transferred into other areas, possibly causing new problems or aggravating existing problems. A new procedure adopted more and more in regional planning is the proposal of alternatives which usually differ according to the methods of protecting the quality of the natural environment. Legislation must recognize and promote the coordination between the national, regional and local levels of government and the procedures for citizen involvement and appeal.
Air Pollution: Assessment Methodology and Modeling by Erich Weber (auth.), Erich Weber (eds.)