By Mark Hendrickson
As soon as considered as a different period characterised through excessive bigotry, nostalgia for less complicated instances, and a revulsion opposed to energetic executive, the Nineteen Twenties were rediscovered through historians in fresh many years as a time whilst Herbert Hoover and his allies labored to noticeably reform financial coverage. In American hard work and monetary Citizenship, Mark Hendrickson either augments and amends this view by way of learning the origins and improvement of recent period coverage services and data. Policy-oriented social scientists in govt, alternate union, educational, and nonprofit corporations confirmed how equipment for reaching solid financial development via elevated productiveness may possibly either defang the scary company cycle and defuse the trend of adverse category kinfolk that Gilded Age depressions had helped to set as an American procedure of business kinfolk. associated through rising associations comparable to the Social technological know-how learn Council, the nationwide city League, and the Women's Bureau, social investigators attacked rampant sexual and racial discrimination, frequently justified via wrong organic arguments, that denied lady and minority employees complete fiscal citizenship within the place of work and the polity. those students confirmed that those practices not just restricted productiveness and undercut accelerated intake, but additionally belied the claims for equity that needs to buttress coverage visions in a democracy.
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Additional resources for American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression
With no interest in or possibility of upward mobility in the United States, he inevitably returned to his native land. Agricultural interests, in particular, claimed that this exceptional migration stream provided laborers for industry without the burdens of citizenship. Leonard Outhwaite, Statement at the “Social Science Research Council, Hanover Conference, 1928,” 210–11, Folder 1894, Box 330, Series 5, SSRC Collection, Rockefeller Archive Center. Outhwaite served as the LSRM’s program officer on issues related to race and race relations.
Building on a case made by progressives of an earlier generation, advocates for women and racial minorities embraced a more statist formulation of the relationship between the state and the protection of liberties. The Women’s Bureau, for instance, argued strenuously for recognition of the importance, ability, and ambition of women workers, while at the same time empirically demonstrating the need for legislation to protect women workers against exploitation linked directly to their status as women.
Concurrently, state governments established commissions to investigate the wartime and postwar surge in racial violence in cities such as East St. Louis and Chicago. These World War I-era investigations drew heavily from nonprofit organizations, such as the National Urban League, in filling its ranks of investigators. The investigation into the 1919 Chicago race riot serves as useful transition into the issues addressed in the following chapter for two reasons. First, though the governor ordered the investigation, the state did not see fit to provide any funding for it; instead, nonprofit and philanthropic organizations stepped forward with the funding to underwrite the study.
American Labor and Economic Citizenship: New Capitalism from World War I to the Great Depression by Mark Hendrickson