By Charles W. Carey Jr.
Ahead of 1901, whilst the 1st Nobel Prize was once offered, many of the state of the art medical study and idea used to be being performed in Europe, the place the various world-class chemists, physicists, and scientific researchers resided. by way of 2004, americans had gained greater than two hundred Nobel Prizes within the sciences - greater than the other unmarried country. in the course of that century American scientists, despite their self-discipline, led the best way in constructing the theories and experiments that experience propelled humankind's wisdom of technological know-how ahead. "American Scientists" offers 250-300 entries at the scientists who've enormously impacted society and the medical group. each one authoritative access covers the scientist's heritage info, together with information about the individual's specialist occupation and accomplishments in the medical global. including to this available reference are extra analyzing lists particular to every access, seventy three images, cross-references, a bibliography, a normal index, and topic indexes - one through self-discipline and one by means of 12 months of delivery.
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Extra resources for American Scientists (American Biographies)
In 1968, the same year he married Alice Huang with whom he has one child, he returned to MIT, this time to teach microbiology. Baltimore’s early research focused on poliovirus and other picornaviruses, the smallest of the viruses that infect mammals; picornaviruses are unusual in that their cores consist mostly of RNA rather than DNA. He was particularly interested in discovering how a picornavirus, or RNA virus, replicates itself. In 1962 Dulbecco showed that when certain DNA viruses invade a cell, the virus attaches its genome, a single set of chromosomes, to the DNA in the host cell’s nucleus.
By the start of World War II, it had become a common practice to have plenty of blood on hand during surgery in case the patient went into shock, thus saving the patient’s life in many cases. Blalock is best remembered for his work with arterial anastomosis, the surgical connection of two different arteries. In the early 1930s he transplanted an adrenal gland, in the process performing the first successful surgical joining of blood vessels. This procedure led him to seek a surgical cure for coarctation, a condition in which the aorta, the body’s main artery, gets blocked and constricts the flow of blood to the lower body.
In 1939 he returned with his family to Venezuela, where his father’s businesses had continued to thrive, leaving the following year to attend Columbia University in New York City. S. in 1942, he entered the Medical College of Virginia (today part of Virginia Commonwealth University). S. S. citizen. After Baruj Benacerraf showed that certain genes control the human immune system. D. in 1945, he interned for a year at Queens General Hospital in New York City before being shipped by the army to Europe, where he served for two years.
American Scientists (American Biographies) by Charles W. Carey Jr.