By John W. Dawson Jr. (auth.)
Der österreichische Mathematiker Kurt Gödel (1906–1978) ist einer der herausragendsten Logiker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Resultate sind von allerhöchster Bedeutung für die Mathematik, und zunehmend werden auch die Auswirkungen auf unser modernes Weltbild sichtbar. Mit dem Erscheinen von Douglas Hofstadters Buch "Gödel, Escher, Bach" wurde Gödels Werk einem breiten Publikum bekannt gemacht. John W. Dawson jr., Professor für mathematische Logik und Nachlaßverwalter von Gödel, zeichnet in dieser Biographie das Bild eines Mannes, dessen Werk allgemein für abstrus gehalten wurde und dessen Leben Elemente der Rationalität und der Psychopathologie vereinigt. Die lang erwartete Gödel-Biographie ergründet den Mythos des Mathematikers, indem sie gleichermaßen seine Ideen und Arbeit verständlich aufbereitet, als auch die individual zu erfassen vermag.
By Calvin S. Fuller, Ann L. Fuller
The Making of a Scientist is Calvin Fuller’s tale of his formative years, schooling, and medical profession within the maximum learn laboratory of the postwar period. while, after his demise, his sons came across their father’s memoir between his papers, they made up our minds to percentage its wealthy cultural historical past of early 20th-century Chicago and its documentation of the production of the sunlight mobilephone at Bell cellphone Laboratories.
Dr. Fuller’s fulfillment is all of the extra striking simply because he grew up in a kinfolk beset with monetary instability. The Making of a Scientist is, peculiarly, an inspiring tale of creating it in the USA.
By Thomas Soderqvist, David Mel Paul
This biography probes the weird brain, the dramatic lifestyles, and the exceptional clinical paintings of Danish-born immunologist Niels Jerne (1911-1994). Jerne’s Nobel Prize-winning achievements within the box of immunology position him within the pantheon of serious twentieth-century biomedical theorists, but his lifestyles could be much more fascinating than his technology. technology as Autobiography tells Jerne’s tale, weaving jointly a story of his existence reports, emotional lifestyles, and terribly artistic medical paintings. A mythical determine who most well liked a day of dialog in a Paris wine bar to paintings within the laboratory, Jerne was once well known for his exceptional powers of focus and analytical keenness in addition to his dissonant own lifestyles. The booklet explores Jerne the fellow and scientist, making the interesting argument that his existence event and examine of himself grew to become a metaphorical source for the development of his theories. The booklet additionally probes the ethical matters that surrounded Jerne’s option to sacrifice his family members in want of medical pursuits and the pursuit of excellence.
By Ellen Daniell
This ebook tells the tale of a pro problem-solving staff that for greater than 25 years has empowered its participants by way of delivering sensible and emotional help. the target of “Group,” as Ellen Daniell and 6 different individuals name their bimonthly gatherings, is cooperation in a aggressive international. And the target of each different Thursday is to motivate those that believe remoted or under pressure in a piece or educational surroundings to contemplate the advantages of the sort of group—a workforce during which everyone seems to be in your side.Each of the high-achieving members in staff (including contributors of the nationwide Academy of Sciences, a senior scientist at a prestigious learn institute, and college professors and directors) has came across the aid of the others to be a vital a part of her personal good fortune. Daniell presents certain examples of the way participants aid each other navigate occupation setbacks or different problems. She exhibits that staff aid, dialogue, and alertness of universal event carry to mild sensible suggestions and broader views. In an inspirational end, the writer bargains recommendation and functional instructions should you wish to identify a gaggle in their personal.
By John North
Clocks turned universal in overdue medieval Europe and the size of time started to rule way of life. God's Clockmaker is a biography of England's maximum medieval scientist, a guy who solved significant functional and theoretical difficulties to construct a unprecedented and pioneering astronomical and astrological clock. Richard of Wallingford (1292-1336), the son of a blacksmith, used to be an excellent mathematician with a genius for the sensible answer of technical difficulties. proficient at Oxford, he grew to become a monk after which abbot of the good abbey of St Albans, the place he equipped his clock. even supposing as abbot he held nice strength, he used to be additionally a sad determine, changing into a leper. His fulfillment, however, is a outstanding instance of the sophistication of medieval technological know-how, in keeping with wisdom passed down from the Greeks through the Arabs.
By John Carter
This awesome actual tale concerning the co-founder of Jet Propulsion Laboratory. through day, Parsons’ unorthodox genius created a high-quality rocket gasoline that helped the Allies win international warfare II. by way of evening, Parsons referred to as himself The Antichrist. “One of the easiest books of the year.”—The Anomalist
By Hans Kruuk, Niko Tinbergen
Here's the 1st biography of Niko Tinbergen, the bright yet reticent naturalist (once defined as "pathologically modest") who became a fondness for looking at nature right into a innovative new department of technological know-how that illuminated the examine of animal habit.
Tracing the heavily intertwined threads of Niko's own existence, Hans Kruuk unearths the guy in the back of the scientist. He indicates how Niko's Calvinist upbringing in a hugely highbrow Dutch family--his father used to be a much-published pupil, his elder brother a Nobel Laureate in Economics--the two-years he spent in a hostage camp throughout the Nazi profession of Holland, and most significantly the mystical yr in Greenland, the place he lived among the Inuit and saw animals of their traditional habitat--an adventure that will form his medical disposition. The interval in Greenland set the level for the groundbreaking experiments with free-living birds within the Thirties and Nineteen Forties that introduced the research of animal habit out of the laboratory and into the wild. Kruuk additionally deals an illuminating exploration of Niko's paintings with Konrad Lorenz, for which he gained the Nobel Prize in 1973; his nice good fortune as a instructor at Oxford, the place he used to be recognized via enthusiastic students--Desmond Morris, Richard Dawkins, and John Krebs, between them--as "The Maestro"; his common bouts of melancholy; the triumph of his publication The examine of Instinct, which validated ethology as a technological know-how; his debatable paintings on autism in little ones, and masses more.
Written by way of Hans Kruuk, a former pupil of Niko Tinbergen and himself a exotic scientist, Niko's Nature deals a desirable and affectionate account of the fellow who perpetually replaced the way in which we predict approximately animal habit.
By Julian Havil
John Napier (1550-1617) is well known this day because the guy who invented logarithms--an huge, immense highbrow success that might quickly bring about the improvement in their mechanical identical within the slide rule: the 2 might serve humanity because the primary technique of calculation until eventually the mid-1970s. but, regardless of Napier's pioneering efforts, his lifestyles and paintings haven't attracted distinctive glossy scrutiny. John Napier is the 1st modern biography to take an in-depth examine the a number of elements of Napier's tale: his privileged place because the 8th Laird of Merchiston and the son of influential Scottish landowners; his recognition as a magician who dabbled in alchemy; his curiosity in agriculture; his involvement with a infamous outlaw; his staunch anti-Catholic ideals; his interactions with such friends as Henry Briggs, Johannes Kepler, and Tycho Brahe; and, so much significantly, his estimable mathematical legacy.
Julian Havil explores Napier's unique improvement of logarithms, the motivations for his process, and the explanations at the back of yes changes to them. Napier's artistic mathematical principles additionally comprise formulation for fixing round triangles, "Napier's Bones" (a extra simple yet very hot substitute gadget for calculation), and using decimal notation for fractions and binary mathematics. Havil additionally considers Napier's research of the e-book of Revelation, which ended in his prediction of the Apocalypse in his first e-book, A Plaine Discovery of the entire Revelation of St. John--the paintings for which Napier believed he will be so much remembered.
John Napier assesses one man's lifestyles and the lasting effect of his developments at the mathematical sciences and beyond.
By Michael A Day
Incorporating components from historical past, technology, philosophy and diplomacy concept, this publication takes a clean examine the lifestyles and considered Robert Oppenheimer.
the writer argues that not just are Oppenheimer’s principles very important, enticing and proper, but additionally extra coherent than normally assumed. He makes a powerful case that Oppenheimer has a lot to claim approximately twenty first century concerns, and his voice could be introduced again into the general public forum.
The publication recovers and reconstructs what Oppenheimer stated and wrote through the Forties, 50s and 60s (i.e., his wish and imaginative and prescient) with the objective of picking what may be of normal philosophical curiosity this day. It considers not just Oppenheimer’s proposal, but additionally his lifestyles utilizing philosophical rules built through modern philosophers.
moreover, to deepen and develop the dialogue and reveal the relevance of Oppenheimer’s imaginative and prescient for the current, the writer analyzes his perspectives utilizing modern diplomacy thought with a distinct emphasis on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. This exam unearths ways that Oppenheimer’s reasoning used to be prescient of present paintings being performed to regulate, and doubtless movement past, the nuclear revolution.
Readership: Historians (especially highbrow and chilly conflict historians), diplomacy theorists, physicists, philosophers, and scholars/nuclear coverage specialists drawn to nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. participants of most of the people attracted to Oppenheimer as anyone, or topics like technology and tradition, or the main issue generated by way of nuclear guns, might additionally locate this booklet priceless.
By Erwin Bunning, Hermut Wilhelm Pfeffer
This biography examines the existence and paintings of Wilhelm Pfeffer (1845-1920), a pioneer of contemporary experimental biology who expected a lot during this box that's now taken without any consideration. The ebook exhibits Pfeffer as a instructor and author with broad examine pursuits, incisive experimental talents, and a questing brain. Dr H.Wilhelm Pfeffer, grandson of Wilhelm Pfeffer, offers the interpretation for this English variation.